Reinventing the Inca roads: representations and construction of memory in Peru (2001 – 2011)
Original article published in French, in"Droit et Cultures n°62, 'L'homogène et le pluriel, L'exemple de la multiculturalité au Pérou', Paris, L’Harmattan, 2011/2 (Paris-10 Nanterre university/CNRS). Spanish translation in january 2012.
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Spanish version: http://www.qhapaq-nan.org/rutas-incas-construccion-memoria.html
Abstract: The Qhapaq Ñan (main Andean road) is a revealing example of institutionalization of memory in contemporary Peru, characterized by four main features: the central role given to scientists and international organizations favors the emergence of given patterns of development and heritage listing; the Peruvian State tends to stress a symbolic representation of territory for the benefit of a globalized audience; the “Peace march”, a political initiative well grounded in the local context, was rewarded by significant popular success, but lacked support from the elite; finally, “sustainable tourism” projects based on conservation and authenticity goals have not succeeded to put their proposals in practice. The original objective of stressing participation of local communities was not achieved on a lasting basis. These findings throw light on conflicting issues of representation of the Peruvian Andean territory in the context of a pluricultural society.
Keywords: Andes, Inca road, Institutionalization of memory, Heritage listing, Landscape constructs, Peru, Qhapaq Ñan, Territory.
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